Ingredient Glossary
avocado fruit Scientific Name: persea americana Family: lauraceae Country of Origin: Mexico Plant Material: Yes

AKA butter pear or alligator pear.The avocado fruit comes from the tree classified as an evergreen and native to Mexico, South and Central America. Avocado trees are commercially cultivated in California as a cash crop. The pulp from the avocado has the highest protein content of any fruit and is high in vitamin A which is effective in lowering cholesterol. Oil that is extracted from the fruit is used in a topical cream to improve skin texture. The leaves of the tree can be added to liquid and ingested to cleanse the liver and reduce high blood pressure. The bark and leaves are used to avert stomach and chest ailments and control menstruation. The seed from the fruit once dried and powdered can be medically applied to patients with dysentery.

atractylodes root Scientific Name: atractylodes macrocephala Family: asteraceae Country of Origin: China Plant Material: Yes

Atractylodes root is an herb also used in traditional chinese medicine to lower blood glucose levels and improves the body's endurance. Modern herbal practitioners use the powder from the root of the plant to keep the spleen in top condition to fight off infections. It is also used to avert physical and mental fatigue, impede diarrhea, relieve water retention, and eliminate dizziness and vomiting.

astragalus root Scientific Name: astragalus membranaceus Family: fabaceae Country of Origin: China Plant Material: Yes

The astragalus root is native to the Northern Hemisphere and is a flowering plant of a small shrub that is one of the 50 fundamental herbs in Chinese medicine. Herbalists medicinally apply this herb to boost the immune systemby increasing the body's resistance to infections, allieviate allergies,and renew vitality. Also used in combination with other herbs as a remedy for easing chronic respiratory infections.

asparagus tuber Scientific Name: asparagi radix Family: asparagaceae Country of Origin: Morocco Plant Material: Yes

The tuber comes from the asparagus plant and is native to Europe, northern Africa and western Asia. Powder that is ground from the tuber or rhizomes is used by herbal practitioners in medical application for urinary tract infections and kidney and bladder stones. It is also used as a natural diuretic, to relieve swelling and pain associated with arthritis and rheumatism.

ashwagandha root Scientific Name: withania somnifera Family: solanaceae Country of Origin: India Plant Material: Yes

AKA indian ginseng, winter cherry. The stout growing shrub is native to India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. It is commercially cultivated in India. The leaves, roots and berries of the plant are used in herbal medicine for they produce a sedating effect. Modern herbal practitioners use the powder derived from the plant materials as a diuretic and for medical application to memory loss. Herbalists recommend the herb as an anti-inflammatory agent for fever, arthritis, and as an infectious disease fighter. Will promote gentle relaxation and give a sense of emotional balance.

ash bark Scientific Name: fraxinus excelsior Family: oleaceae Country of Origin: USA Plant Material: Yes

AKA common ash, weeping ash of which there are about fifty species. The tree is native to England and the United States. The parts used of the tree by herbalists include the leaves and bark from the trunk area or roots themselves and prove to have diuretic properties. Herbal practitioners employ the use of this herb to remedy constipation, rheumatism and jaundice.

ascorbic acid Scientific Name: sodium ascorbate Family: Country of Origin: USA Plant Material: No

A naturally occuring form of vitamin C. Ascorbic Acid and its sodium, potassium and calcium salts are commonly used as antioxidant food additives.

asafoetida Scientific Name: ferula asafoetida Family: apiaceae Country of Origin: Iran Plant Material: Yes

AKA devil's dung, stinking gum. The plant is cultivated in the Mediterranean, Europe and India. In case of toothache pain, the decayed tooth can be filled with asafoetida powder for a numbing effect. The part of the plant most often used is the stem where the gum is extracted, used to aid digestion, as a medical application for nervous conditions, bronchitis and asthma. Modern herbal practitioners also use asafoetida to lower blood pressure.

artichoke leaf Scientific Name: cynara scolymus Family: asteraceae Country of Origin: Africa Plant Material: Yes

The artichoke is one of the oldest vegetables in history. It was first cultivated in Africa then made its way onto Europe and Egypt. The Romans dicovered the leaf portion of the plant was a valuable digestive aid. The artichoke leaf stimulates the gallbladder, which releases bile to counteract excessive stomach acids to avert bloating and gas. Modern herbal practitioners use the leaf and root sections that have antibiotic properties, and as medical applications for hardening of the arteries, anemia, liver damage from alcohol, toxin poisoning and hepatitis.

arrowroot Scientific Name: maranta arundinacea Family: marantaceae Country of Origin: Thailand Plant Material: Yes

AKA obedience plant. The plant is generally grown in rainforest habitats, but cultivated in Jamaica, Australia, Southeast Asia, and South and East Africa. The tubers or roots of the plant are used in herbal medicine to draw out the poison from scorpion, snake and spider bites.

arnica flower Scientific Name: arnica montana Family: compositae Country of Origin: Poland Plant Material: Yes

The arnica flower is native to central Europe, England and southern Scotland. The flowers of the arnica plant once dried and pressed produce a yellow tincture that can be directly applied to the skin to aid the healing process of sprains, bruises and wounds. The flowers contain compounds that stimulate circulation and reduce inflammation, and are used as a therapy for rheumatism. Other common names used for the arnica include leopard's bane, wolf's bane, mountain tobacco and mountain arnica.

apricot Scientific Name: prunus armeniaca Family: rosaceae Country of Origin: China Plant Material: Yes

The apricot comes from a small tree native to India, China, Central Asia, Korea and Japan. The fruit from the tree is high in fiber which is an effective remedy for constipation. Apricots possess the highest levels of carotenoids which are antioxidants that help to impede heart disease,and reduce bad cholesterol. They also contain the highest levels of vitamin A that promotes good vision, are high in vitamin C, and a good source of potassium.

apple nugget Scientific Name: pyrus malus Family: pomaceae Country of Origin: Asia Plant Material: Yes

Apple nuggets are the dried, evaporated fruit portion. The apple fiber is the end result the fruit pulp once dried and ground to a powder. The apple tree originated from Central Asia. Research suggests that consuming an apple fiber supplement may reduce the risk of heart disease, aid in weight loss and control cholesterol levels. The fiber obtained from the apple fruit will restore and promote regularity, plus additional benefits to the cleansing of the colon.

apple fruit pectin Scientific Name: malus pumila Family: pomaceae Country of Origin: Central Asia Plant Material: Yes

The apple tree was the earliest tree to be cultivated in eastern Turkey. The pectin produced from the apple fruit is a source of dietary fiber. Pectin is produced by pressing out the liquid from the solid remains of apple skin, pulp and seeds. By addinig pectin to one's daily diet it can reduce cholesterol levels. Modern herbalists have also used pectin in wound dressing to relieve minor pain and inflammation and to speed up the healing process.

apple fiber Scientific Name: malus pumila Family: pomaceae Country of Origin: Asia Plant Material: Yes

The apple fiber is the end result the fruit pulp once dried and ground to a powder. The apple tree originated from Central Asia. Research suggests that consuming an apple fiber supplement may reduce the risk of heart disease, aid in weight loss and control cholesterol levels. The fiber obtained from the apple fruit will restore and promote regularity, plus additional benefits to the cleansing of the colon.

anise seed Scientific Name: pimpinella anisum Family: apiaceae Country of Origin: Spain Plant Material: Yes

Anise is a flowering plant native to the eastern Mediterranean region and southwest Asia. AKA for its licorice-like flavor. Anise has antiparasitic properties and its leaves can be dried and powdered to remedy digestive problems, and as a pain reliever for a tootache or menstrual cramps. The leaves can also produce a liquid or oil that can be used to eliminate head lice or scabies. A tea can be made by steeping the seeds in boiling water to relieve congestion from allergies, colds or flu.

angelica seed Scientific Name: angelica archangelica officinalis Family: apiaceae Country of Origin: Bulgaria Plant Material: Yes

Angelica root is from the garden plant angelica that is native to Finland, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Greenland, the Faroe Islands and Iceland. Other names for the angelica plant are Holy Ghost, Wild Celery, and Norwegian angelica. Natural herbal practitioners have used angelica by chewing on the roots or brewing the roots to make a tea for an anesthetic effect. It has been shown to be effective against various bacterial, fungal and viral infections. All parts of the plant such as the roots, leaves and seeds can be used. Angelica is an excellent remedy for coughs, colds, pleurisy, rheumatism and urinary tract infections. Patients with diabetes should avoid angelica because of its increasing sugar in the urine. If angelica is taken in the medicinal form it will produce a disgust for alcoholic based beverages.

angelica root Scientific Name: angelica archangelica officinalis Family: apiaceae Country of Origin: Bulgaria Plant Material: Yes

Angelica root is from the garden plant angelica that is native to Finland, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Greenland, the Faroe Islands and Iceland. Other names for the angelica plant are Holy Ghost, Wild Celery, and Norwegian angelica. Natural herbal practitioners have used angelica by chewing on the roots or brewing the roots to make a tea for an anesthetic effect. It has been shown to be effective against various bacterial, fungal and viral infections. All parts of the plant such as the roots, leaves and seeds can be used. Angelica is an excellent remedy for coughs, colds, pleurisy, rheumatism and urinary tract infections. Patients with diabetes should avoid angelica because of its increasing sugar in the urine. If angelica is taken in the medicinal form it will produce a disgust for alcoholic based beverages.

anamu root Scientific Name: petiveria alliacea Family: phytolaccaceae Country of Origin: South America Plant Material: Yes

The plant is a deeply rooted shrub native to tropical areas of Africa, South and Central America, and the Caribbean Islands. This herb has been widely used in connection with medical application to venereal disease, as an antiseptic,as a pain reliever for arthritis, and as a diuretic. Some natural health practitioners in Brazil use the plant leaves as well as the roots to relieve birthing pains and as a topical ointment and anti-inflammatory for skin afflictions. Anamu is commonly used in South and
Central America as a natural remedy for cough, colds, influenza, respiratory and pulmonary infections and to also stimulate the immune system. In Cuba, heralists recommend using the whole plant for diabetes patients to reduce blood sugar levels.
Anamu's traditional use as a remedy for arthritis and rheumatism has been backed by clinical research confirming its pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory components.

anamu leaf Scientific Name: petiveria alliacea Family: phytolaccaceae Country of Origin: South America Plant Material: Yes

The plant is a deeply rooted shrub native to tropical areas of Africa, South and Central America, and the Caribbean Islands. This herb has been widely used in connection with medical application
to venereal disease, as an antiseptic,as a pain reliever for arthritis, and as a diuretic. Some natural health practitioners in Brazil use the plant leaves as well as the roots to relieve birthing pains and as a topical ointment and anti-inflammatory for skin afflictions.
Anamu is commonly used in South and Central America as a natural remedy for cough, colds, influenza, respiratory and pulmonary infections and to also stimulate the immune system. In Cuba, heralists recommend using the whole plant for diabetes patients to reduce blood sugar levels. Anamu's traditional use as a remedy for arthritis and rheumatism has been backed by clinical research confirming its pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory components. Should only be administered by a qualified practitioner.

altai anemone root Scientific Name: anemone altaica Family: ranunculaceae Country of Origin: China Plant Material: Yes

The altai anemone plant is native to Eastern Asia, arctic Russia, China and Japan. The roots of the plant are used by Chinese herbalists for epilepsy seizures, neurasthenia which is an emotional
and psychic disorder, and arthritis. The root of the plant is an aromatic stimulant and can be used to stimulate the appetite and give a general sense of well being.

alpha-lipoic acid Scientific Name: Family: Country of Origin: USA Plant Material: No

also known as ALA. Found naturally inside every cell in the body. An amino acid needed to convert glucose into energy.

aloe-cape Scientific Name: aloe ferox Family: asphodelaceae Country of Origin: South Africa Plant Material: Yes

Aloe leaf is considered to be a succulent plant in a group of about 400 species. This particular plant is native to South Africa's Cape Province. The juice that is found in the leaf structure is what is commonly used by modern day herbal practitioners for a variety of remedies including, applying directly to burns on the skin which can reduce the chance of infection.

aloe vera Scientific Name: aloe barbadensis Family: asphodelaceae Country of Origin: Africa Plant Material: Yes

AKA medicinal aloe. The plant is of the succulent variety and is native to Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Canary, and Madeira Islands. The plant is also cultivated in China, India, Pakistan, southern Europe,
Australia, Barbados, Belize, Nigeria, Paraguay and the United States. Aloe vera has a long association with herbal medicine and is used for wound or burn healing.

allspice Scientific Name: eugenia pimenta Family: myrtaceae Country of Origin: Mexico Plant Material: Yes

AKA Jamaica pepper. Allspice is cultivated from the unripe fruit of the plant and is native to Jamaica, southern Mexico and Central America. Allspice is not a combination, as once believed, of the other spices such as cinnamon, nutmeg and cloves. Herbalists have used allspice in the form of oil derived from the crushed leaves of the plant to neutralize some waterborne infections such as Shigella, a bacterial infection of the intestines. Allspice offers greater antioxidant contents than most other fruits, is rich in quercetin that is useful in allergy aversion, and assists in digestion.

alfalfa seed Scientific Name: medicago sativa Family: rosaceae Country of Origin: USA Plant Material: Yes

Alfalfa is widely grown throughout the world as a source of food for livestock. Alfalfa herb has been used as an herbal medicine for over 1,500 years and is high in protein, vitamins A, B, C, D, E and K, calcium and other minerals. The chinese have used alfalfa leaves to relieve digestive problems. In Hindu cultures a poultice from the seeds was used to relieve arthritis. Some modern uses of the herb are to promote weight gain, used as a diuretic, for indigestion and bladder disorders, lower blood cholesterol levels, and to avert possible heart conditions. Dehydrated alfalfa leaf is used by some as a dietary supplement to induce lactation.

alfalfa leaf Scientific Name: medicago sativa Family: fabaceae Country of Origin: USA Plant Material: Yes

Alfalfa is widely grown throughout the world as a source of food for livestock. Alfalfa herb has been used as an herbal medicine for over 1,500 years and is high in protein, vitamins A, B, C, D, E and K, calcium and other minerals. The chinese have used alfalfa leaves to relieve digestive problems. In Hindu cultures a poultice from the seeds was used to relieve arthritis. Some modern uses of the herb are to promote weight gain, used as a diuretic, for indigestion and bladder disorders, lower blood cholesterol levels, and to avert possible heart conditions. Dehydrated alfalfa leaf is used by some as a dietary supplement to induce lactation.

alfalfa herb Scientific Name: medicago sativa Family: fabaceae Country of Origin: USA Plant Material: Yes

Alfalfa is widely grown throughout the world as a source of food for livestock. Alfalfa herb has been used as an herbal medicine for over 1,500 years and is high in protein, vitamins A, B, C, D, E and K, calcium, and other minerals. The Chinese have used alfalfa leaves to relieve digestive problems. In Hindu cultures a poultice from the seeds was used to relieve arthritis. Some modern uses of the alfalfa herb are to contribute toward weight gain, as a diuretic, for indigestion, for bladder disorders, lower blood cholesterol levels, and to lower the likelihood of heart conditions. Dehydrated alfalfa leaf is used by some as dietary supplement to induce lactation.

agrimony herb Scientific Name: agrimonia eupatoria Family: rosaceae Country of Origin: Bulgaria Plant Material: Yes

The plant is found throughout England and Africa, and belongs in the rose family. In herbal practices it is used as a mild astringent, cough suppressant, pain reliever for sore throat, a blood coagulant, and as a sleep inducing remedy. The leaf of the plant contains vitamins B and K and silica responsible for wound healing. An herbal poultice made from the leaves of the plant can be applied directly to the head to relieve a migraine headache. Due to its anti-inflammatory action, the herb is effective against a bladder infection.

agnus-castus berry Scientific Name: vitx agnus castus Family: Country of Origin: Morocco Plant Material: Yes

AKA vitex berry, chaste berry, and monk's berry. The fruit comes from a small shrub called the Chaste tree and is native to the Mediterranean, usually grown in warm climates. It is used to relieve constipation, excessive stomach gas, and unpleasant symptoms associated with menstruation such as irregular menstrul cycles, breast swelling, water retention, headache and fatigue. Men should avoid the use of this herb due to the possibility of testicular atrophy or the shrinkage of the testes which could result in the loss of function. Not recommended during pregnancy.

agar agar Scientific Name: gracilaria lichenoides Family: algae Country of Origin: Morroco Plant Material: Yes

Notice: This herb should be ingested with adequate liquid. Not for use by persons with bowel obstruction. Agar agar is a jelly like substance that comes from seaweed after it is boiled. This can be used as a diuretic for the relief of constipation. Agar agar comes from various algae plants native to Japan and other Asian countries. It is used in the Far East as a vegetable protein and a thickening agent for desserts.

African birdseye chili pepper-90,000 hu Scientific Name: capsicum annum Family: solanaceae Country of Origin: Portugal Plant Material: Yes

Also described as piri-piri in African colonies where Portugal introduced the cultivation of the chili pepper from the plant. The dried fruit or pod of the plant is native to South Africa. The fruits contain an ingredient called capsaicin that stimulates the circulation by aiding in the removal of waste products and increasing the flow of nutrients to the tissues. Applied directly to the skin it has a numbing effect on nerve endings and can be used as a local
anaesthetic. It is also known to relieve chronic congestion of people who are addicted to alcohol.

African birdseye chili pepper-135,000 hu Scientific Name: capsicum annum Family: solanaceae Country of Origin: Portugal Plant Material: Yes

Also described as piri-piri in African colonies where Portugal introduced the cultivation of the chili pepper from the plant. The dried fruit or pod of the plant is native to South Africa. The fruits contain an ingredient called capsaicin that stimulates the circulation by aiding in the removal of waste products and increasing the flow of nutrients to the tissues. Applied directly to the skin it has a numbing effect on nerve endings and can be used as a local anaesthetic. It is also known to relieve chronic congestion of people who are addicted to alcohol.

activated charcoal Scientific Name: biochar Family: Country of Origin: USA Plant Material: No

AKA activated carbon or activated coal. Activated carbon is derived from charcoal that is processed to make it porous resulting in a larger surface area for absorption or chemical reactions. Activated charcoal is used by herbal practitioners as therapy for poisoning and overdoses following oral ingestion, it binds to the poision and impedes its absorption by the digestive tract. It filters out toxins in the blood, removes fungus, viruses and bacteria from the body. Activated charcoal also can be used as a poultice to reduce inflammation caused by infection, chemicals, insect bites, and rheumatoid arthritis. Do not take with other herbal supplements at the same time or the charcoal will bind with them and remove them from the body.

acid protease Scientific Name: Family: Country of Origin: USA Plant Material: No

A protein-digesting enzyme activated in stomach acid.

acetyl-L-carnitine Scientific Name: Family: Country of Origin: USA Plant Material: No

Also known as alcar, a necessary amino acid used to break down fatty acids for energy use.